By Jeffrey P. Jones (auth.), Adnan Elfarra (eds.)
I have regularly been attracted to chemistry and biology. My undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral trainings in pharmacy, medicinal chemistry and pharmacology, respectively, have reinforced this curiosity and led me to gain that major advances in drugs have often been discovered due to examine on the chem- try–biology interface. i'm hoping that this accomplished quantity on fresh advances in bioactivation examine will stimulate pharmacologists, medicinal chemists, phar- ceutical scientists, and graduate scholars in those fields and similar components to think about and use bioactivation study once they discover and chart new frontiers in drug layout and drug improvement and once they examine how you can lessen the unintended effects of current medicinal drugs through making prodrugs. As for the toxicologists and environmental well-being scientists, i'm hoping this quantity can help them generate the information had to comprehend larger mechanisms of toxicity to enhance human threat exams and intervention equipment after occupational or environmental publicity to numerous detrimental chemical compounds. Adnan A. Elfarra, Ph. D. vii half I normal strategies and easy Mechanisms 1 Metabolic matters in Drug layout Jeffrey P. Jones division of Chemistry, Washington kingdom collage, Pullman, WA 99164, united states e mail: jpj@wsu. edu key words: Cytochrome P450 Aldehyde Oxidase Drug–Drug Interactions Mechanism-based digital Screening ADMET Regioselectivity 1. 1. advent because of fresh technological suggestions, similar to genomics, combinatorial chemistry, and high-throughput screening, the identity of affliction ambitions and of compounds which are energetic opposed to those ambitions (‘‘leads’’) can now be conducted efficiently.
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Extra resources for Advances in Bioactivation Research
Their formation may be modulated by enzyme induction and/or inhibition, and gene deletion in mammals. However, none of these experimental approaches are directly applicable to humans. Consequently, human exposure to chemically reactive metabolites in the liver and in the general circulation is impossible to quantify. Given the inability to predict whether bioactivation phenomenon detected in vitro will ultimately lead to toxicity in the clinic, a general strategy adopted by many within the pharmaceutical community involves the assessment of reactive metabolite formation as early as possible in the selection of drug candidates, with the goal of eliminating or minimizing the formation of reactive species by rational structural modification of lead chemical matter.
Anders, M. , Korzekwa, K. , Thummel, K. , Kharasch, E. , and Jones, J. P. 1995. Designing safer chemicals: predicting the rates of metabolism of halogenated alkanes. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 92:11076–11080. Yin, H. , Anders, M. , and Jones, J. P. 1996. Metabolism Of 1,2-dichloro-1fluoroethane and 1-fluoro-1,2,2-trichloroethane – electronic factors govern the regioselectivity of cytochrome P450-dependent oxidation. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 9:50–57. Yin, H. , Jones, J. , and Anders, M. W. 1995. Metabolism of 1-fluoro-1,1,2trichloroethane, 1,2-dichloro-1,1-difluoroethane, and 1,1,1-trifluoro-2-chloroethane.
New potent and selective cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6) inhibitors based on three-dimensional quantitative structure–activity relationship (3D-QSAR) analysis. Br. J. Pharmacol. 150:932–42. Korzekwa, K. , Jones, J. , and Gillette, J. R. 1990. Theoretical studies on cytochrome P-450 mediated hydroxylation: A predictive model for hydrogen atom abstractions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112:7042–7046. Krayenbuhl, J. , and Dayer, P. 1999. Drug– drug interactions of new active substances: mibefradil example. Eur.
Advances in Bioactivation Research by Jeffrey P. Jones (auth.), Adnan Elfarra (eds.)