By Michael A. Borowitzka (auth.), Michael A. Borowitzka, Navid R. Moheimani (eds.)
Microalgae are the most studied power assets of biofuels and bioenergy. This publication covers the most important steps within the creation of renewable biofuels from microalgae - pressure choice, tradition platforms, inorganic carbon utilisation, lipid metabolism and caliber, hydrogen construction, genetic engineering, biomass harvesting, extraction. Greenhouse fuel and techno-economic modelling are reviewed as is the a hundred yr background of microalgae as assets of biofuels and of commercial-scale microalgae tradition. A precis of correct easy common equipment utilized in the learn of microalgae tradition is equipped. The booklet is meant for the professional and people beginning paintings within the field.
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Braunii (Matsunaga et al. 2009). An understanding of hydrocarbon biosynthetic pathways and their regulation may provide an important tool for metabolic manipulation and increasing the yield of hydrocarbons in potential algal species. In this direction, some achievements have been demonstrated when studying hydrocarbon biosynthesis in B. braunii. From a number of radiolabelling experiments, it has been shown that oleic acid (but not palmitic or stearic acids) was a precursor (through chain elongation-decarboxylation reactions) for non-isoprenoid hydrocarbon production in the A race of B.
Race B yields C30–C37 highly unsaturated isoprenoid hydrocarbons, termed botryococcenes and small amounts of methyl branched squalenes. Race L produces a single tetraterpenoid hydrocarbon known as lycopadiene (Rao et al. 2007a, b). Botryococcenes are extracted from total lipids in the hexane-soluble fraction and can be converted into useful fuels by catalytic cracking (Raja et al. 2008). It has been reported that on hydrocracking, the distillate yields 67% gasoline, 15% aviation turbine fuel, 15% diesel fuel, and 3% residual oil.
Braunii strain BOT-22 has been evaluated (Yonezawa et al. 2012). The growth and hydrocarbon accumulation were significantly higher in the cultures with 1 and 2% SCW. An addition of SCW also caused a shift in the hydrocarbon profile from C34H58 to C32H54 (Yonezawa et al. 2012). In addition, higher production of hydrocarbons in B. braunii Bot-144 (race B) has been achieved when it is grown under red light (Baba et al. 2012). Although B. braunii can be found in all climatic zones, its habitats are restricted to freshwater or brackish water.
Algae for Biofuels and Energy by Michael A. Borowitzka (auth.), Michael A. Borowitzka, Navid R. Moheimani (eds.)