By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to susceptible forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those thoughts are torture, and they're felony within the United States.
Michael Otterman unearths the lengthy heritage of U.S. torture. He indicates how those techniques grew to become average perform in today's conflict on terror. in the beginning, the CIA established their innovations at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of greenbacks have been spent learning, refining, then educating those innovations to interrogators charged with maintaining communism at bay. They produced strategy manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the United States, and in different places. because the chilly struggle ended, those tortures---engineered to depart deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to eliminate their use. After 9-11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy warring parties detained in America's significant gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the penitentiary at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman indicates that those interrogation tools violate greater than overseas legislation and basic human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
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Extra info for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
A prisoner’s uncertainty was also augmented by not knowing what would happen to friends, family and colleagues whose guilt the KGB often assumed by association. Left alone to ponder these questions, prisoners gradually lost touch with reality. Wrote Hinkle and Wolff: When food is presented to him, he eats it all, but he no longer bothers with the nicety of eating. He may mix it up into a mush and stuff it into his mouth like an animal … He may soil himself. He weeps; he mutters, and he prays aloud in his cell … God may appear to such a prisoner and tell him to cooperate with his interrogator.
According to the New York Times, the deposition sounded natural and was written ‘in excellent English without the usual mistakes noted in the enemy’s propaganda’. ‘It’s all a damn lie, and I would like to go up to the UN and tell them so under oath,’ responded General Clayton C. Jerome, former commander of the First Marine Aircraft Wing in Korea. General Mark W. Clark, the UN Commander-in-Chief in Korea, branded the confessions ‘fantastic and utterly false’. Clark doubted that the deposition was penned by the flier, but ‘too familiar are the mind-annihilating methods of the Communists in extorting whatever words they want for there to be any mystery as to how they were fabricated’.
Arthur in a letter to Newsweek editors. ” How about passing it along to them? War is hell ladies and gentlemen. ’ Remarkably, the SERE school survived its exposure. Although it was temporarily suspended in December 1955, the course reopened months later after the controversy abated. During this time, Air Force officials vehemently defended the school. Air Force Secretary Donald Quaries said that based on the advice of Air Force psychologists— most likely the men from the Psychological Warfare Division—he recognised the ‘value and need’ of the course.
American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond by Michael Otterman
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